Project Descriptions 2016
Please enjoy reading descriptions of this year’s projects! Interesting and innovative projects are happening all over the world!
Who runs the world? COWS!
Yes, you read that one right… unfortunately Beef is one of the most preferred type of meat – and the one that is polluting the most – but that does not stop us from eating enormous amounts of it. The purpose of our project is to give information to the average citizen, so there will be created an awareness of the consequences their consumption have. We will make people aware of alternative types of meat instead of beef, and look at their food habits concerning meat. We will look into the consequences caused by the meat industry and the people’s consumption. To do this we will make surveys, and study our local community in order to find out what is done towards solving the problem.
In order to solve these problems we thought of solutions such as making school teams to inform the students, make event to inform people, make posters, and have food courses to introduce a more sustainable way of cooking and eating.
The purpose with our project is to introduce insects as a part of an everyday diet and to make it a tendency, so it will last and be a continuing asset in meals during the day. For this to happen, we will have to change how people look at insects, and to spread knowledge about the topic. According to us, it is only a question of making people see the range of opportunities insects can provide as a food source.
Therefore we took a good look around us to see where insects could become a benefactor, and our attention fell upon a popular trend we see around us. Around the world it has become extremely popular to digest different kinds of food supplements to enhance the results you get from working out, especially protein products.
But what if these products could be replaced by another source of protein such as insects. They are extremely rich on protein and a far more natural product. Therefore we will try to introduce it for this large target group of people, who feel it is a necessity to intake protein in high amounts before and after a work out.
SUSTAINABLE URBAN MOBILITY (SUM)
How to make our life easier in Thessaloniki
We decided to work on SUM because of the serious transportation problems that our city is facing nowadays. That is why we turned to CERTH/HIT 1 The daily traffic asphyxiation in the city centre and the lack of parking areas, underground, bicycle routes are the major problems in our city. Therefore, a SUM Project is being applied in Thessaloniki by local institutions, focusing on: the improvement of urban transportation, the development of smart technologies and the reduction of air pollution.
We were informed about the issue by the scientists in CERTH, submitted a questionnaire to inform the local community about the issue, analyzed the data and finally proposed obtainable solutions which we highlighted in our presentation. Moreover, we spread the message by presenting the project to our school, and handing out leaflets.
We intend to continue with a STEAM 2 project for the next two years and hope to raise students’ awareness on the issue.
Sekolah Bogor Raya
Sustainable societies has been one of the main concept developed among the community members of Sekolah Bogor Raya. This was one of the driven factors for SBR to hold an event called SBR Walk in Bogor Botanical garden last April where all CEI delegate members from SBR got involved in. The activity focused on fund raising activity where all the money collected from this event was used to purchase trash bins which were then donated to Bogor city government in order
to provide more trash bins for Bogor citizens. Besides SBR Walk, the CEI delegate team from SBR will also get focused on the production of bioplastic made from a starch compound, commonly found in corn, rice, or other starchy materials. This is part of our contribution to reduce the amount of plastic use in our society as Indonesia is one of the biggest plastic contamination contributor in the world. In order to allow us to having deeper understanding on bioplastic, we are also planning to visit the Physics Department of the Indonesian Research Institute to learn more about the production of biopolymer. The CEI 2016 theme will also be channelled in a small campaign in our school environment to encourage the use of two sided paper for everything. We are planning to collect the one sided used paper and make it as a booklet which can be sold in a cheap price to the SBR community members.
Szramek High School
Poland suffers from a smog problem, as 90% of its electricity is produced from coal. Last winter it was noticed that the daily limit of smog was exceeded in six Silesian cities.
Determining the main source of air pollution in Katowice and searching for a solution to this ecological problem.
Our team figured out that the main cause of smog in our agglomeration is the burning of waste and coal to heat houses. Looking for solutions, we visited an autonomous house in Podzamcze Chęcińskie in order to get to know the new technology which was used to create the building. The next step of the project was to answer the question of what kind of energy is friendly for the environment. To this end, we participated in a workshop in Energetyczne Centrum Nauki (Energy Science Centre in Kielce). We learned what energy is, how it is used and we discovered its renewable and non-renewable sources. Since the best way to fight smog is the carbon sink, we have planted some trees and took part in the “clean the world” campaign.
New Life of Old Things, Information Technology Lyceum № 28, Kirov
Nowadays the person is a hostage of development of a civilization and the increasing requirements. People create a lot of various things, among them there are artificial and synthetic ones. When people stop using these things, they become environment pollutants and they don't decay in the nature. Such substances are called xenobiotics. We decided to know if it is possible to reduce quantity of the things becoming garbage. Our goal is to find new application for old things, "prolonging their life".
Now about 7 billion people live on the earth. More than 80 billion units of clothes are made every year. That’s why the quantity of the thrown-out textiles is growing. Natural fibers decay on a dump lasts about ten years but artificial and synthetic fibers decay demands centuries and at the same time toxic substances are emitted to the soil and ground waters. We got acquainted with the head of Quilt-studio in our city and visited the exhibition “Quilt wonder”. We saw a big variety of hand-made things from different kinds of fabrics.
Annually in 192 countries of the world there appeared about 275 million tons of plastic garbage, polluting flora and fauna. All known convenient plastic bottles in the earth disintegrate hundreds of years. In general, the time of decay of polyethylene depends on its structure and can last several thousands of years. In Russia there are not enough plants which process garbage, and sometimes people find interesting application for absolutely unnecessary things. It is possible to make very interesting and useful hand-made articles of plastic bottles for your home and dacha.
The number of cars is steadily growing in the modern world. Utilization and processing of tires are of great ecological and economic importance for all developed countries of the world including Russia. First of all It is connected with the fact that worn-out tires are a source of long environmental pollution. For many years old tires have been popular materials for hand-made articles in the dachas.
Having found new application for old things we prolong their life. That’s why harmful substances which they contain are collected in the nature in smaller volume not causing pollution.
Information Technology Lyceum № 28 Kirov, Russia.
“Preservation and regeneration of forests as an example of sustainable development of Kirov region Our region is the forest region and the forests give us fresh air, food, working places and bring pleasure to many people. But people don’t care much about forests and every year thousands of hectares of forests are dying because of irresponsible behavior of people. We decided to find out what is done and how to save forests.
Our project is “Preservation and regeneration of forests as an example of sustainable development of Kirov region”. Our goal is to show the importance of forests for all people and to raise the young generation’s awareness of the benefits of forests. The territory covered by forests makes 64% of our region. We visited Ministry of forest industry of Kirov region and the Federal state institution “Rusforestinforg” where we learnt much about forest protection and reproduction system. We continue our work and you can learn more during the Project Presentation Tatiana Khodyreva and the group of 8th grade pupils
SKH Tang Shiu Kin Secondary School
Festival Lights: Celebration or Pollution?
Have you ever noticed about festival lights in Hong Kong? What do you think about them? Do they cause light pollution, particularly over-illumination? The aims of this research are to find out the extent of over-illumination caused by those celebratory lights in Hong Kong and its impact on energy consumption. More importantly, the ways of minimizing light pollution in holiday lighting are to be formulated.
In this study, six areas in Hong Kong were chosen. Relevant data, including the types of light display and light intensities measured by lux meters were collected at different observation sites from December 2015 to February 2016.
The findings showed that the light intensities in most areas of study exceeded the recommended illuminance levels set in Taiwan. Owing to poor planning and design of the celebratory lights, they caused too much energy consumption. Communities should work on better planning and design of the festival lights and carry out education to mitigate the problem of over-illumination and save energy yet money.
Apart from doing research, our project will be shown in an exhibition held by the Hong Kong Space Museum in June 2016 for increasing the public awareness on light pollution caused by festival lights.
Replacing flower bunch with vegetable bouquet as gifts: possible or not?
Every year, thousands to millions of flowers are discarded after they have been sent as gifts. Those flowers are fragile and their lifespan is short. They can survive for at most one or two weeks and are then dumped into landfills. But why do we keep doing things that are not environmentally-friendly?
Flowers might look appealing and they can create infinite combinations. They can be used in various occasions, with different tones, styles and appearances. But why not for veggie bunches? Indeed, receiving vegetable bouquet might be ironic, but this brings much betterment to the environment and helps create a more sustainable society.
Then what is vegetable bouquet? It is made up of a combination of different types of vegetable with different colours and shapes. They are tied up together to make it look like a bunch of flowers. Commonly-used ingredients include broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, bell peppers and herbs.
The aims of this study are to describe the relative advantages of using vegetable bouquet over flower bunch, discuss the difficulties of replacing the romantic traditions of giving flowers with vegetable bouquet, and suggest some ways of making the use of vegetable bouquet as gifts more popular.
Pollution of suspended particulates in Hong Kong
Suspended particulates refer to particles in the air with a diameter of 100 micrometers (0.1 mm) or less. It can be further classified according to their size, for example, respirable suspended particulates (RSP) are those particulates smaller than 10 um in diameter; fine suspended particulates (FSP) are those less than 2.5 um. In Hong Kong, suspended particulate is one of the major air pollutants. The annual mean RSP concentration at business center reaches 46 um/m 3 , with a maximum of 201 um/m 3 (2014). During winter time when wind prevails, northerlies bring particulates from the highly industrialized Pearl River Delta to Hong Kong, worsening the problem. Studies have proved that RSP can damage breathing and circulatory systems. At worst, it may cause lung cancer. In the present study, the relationship among various weather elements (temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and direction) and RSP/ FSP is investigated. Through this investigation, the prime source of RSP/ FSP can be identified, assisting further planning of remedial measures in alleviating the problem.
Pollution of nitrogen dioxide and ozone in Hong Kong
Nitrogen dioxide is one of the major air pollutants in Hong Kong. Its main sources include combustion engines in vehicles and thermal power plants. During combustion, NO2 is released into the atmosphere.
Ozone is a pale blue gas with a very pungent smell. Naturally, it is found in the lower part of the stratosphere. It is responsible for breaking down ultraviolet light, which is harmful to lifeforms. However, chemical reactions with other air pollutants in the atmosphere create ozone in the air near the ground. Ozone has a strong irritant and harmful to health.
The trend of O3 in Hong Kong is increasing. From 1996 to 2014, the annual average of the concentration of O3 has increased 47%, from 28 µg/m3 to 41 µg/m3; the concentration of NO2 in Hong Kong has also increased 9%, from 55 µg/m3 to 60 µg/m3.
In the present study, the relationship among various weather elements (temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and direction), NO2 and ozone are investigated. The trends of these two pollutants will help raise the awareness of our classmates, and turn their concerns into actions.
Impact of air pollution on the visibility of Hong Kong
Air pollution in Hong Kong has always been very serious. According to BBC (1 Dec 2010), One in four in Hong Kong consider leaving because of its worsening air pollution. It is now rare for the Hong Kong to have a blue sky. The sources of air pollutants in Hong Kong is diverse, ranging from local to regional, from industries in Pearl River Delta, thermal power plants and vehicles in the areas. The complicated background makes tackling the problem difficult.
Visibility is measured by the longest distance visible. It indicates the level of impurities in the air, and can be measured easily by naked eyes with reference to maps, and thus, at low cost. In this project, the influence of weather conditions on visibility is studied. Weather parameters and visibility are measured in the morning. It is hoped that the recent project can draw students’ attention to the urgency to keep air clean. The correlation of weather and visibility allows us to have a better picture on the sources of air pollutants in Hong Kong.
Our school, called Petőfi Sándor és Dózsa György Magyar-Angol Két Tanítási Nyelvi Általános Iskola/Petőfi Sándor and Dózsa György Hungarian-English Bilingual Primary School is an Eco-school, so the environmental protection is very important for us.
We collect paper, pet bottles and the rubbish selectively. We always attend the city- and school events. This has given us the idea to make our presentation. We made a presentation about the recycling competition. Our school organizes city programs for students and citizens every year. We really believe in environmental protection. We want to save the Planet for the next generations, for our future grandchildren. They must get acquainted with the various flora and fauna on the Earth. We got ready for the conference with researches in the topic. We met every week together and read interesting articles of old participants.
We hope that the journey to Denmark and the conference will be an unforgettable experience for us. Moreover, we would like to make a lot of friends, with whom we would like to keep contact in the future.
We are Barnabás Bóbics (13) and Dominik Szabó (14) from Zalaegerszeg, Hungary. We have been friends and classmates since we started primary school. We first heard from the conference from our history teacher Tamás Szlávecz. He’s taken part in some other conferences before. All that he told us about the programs, the young people and the different countries were very interesting. We instantly said yes for the chance to attend this year in Aalborg. Our teacher of English Miss Lilla Bánhidi has helped us a lot during our preparation and she is going to accompany us.
Finally, let us introduce ourselves. After coming back we will show our photos and presentation to our classmates and other citizens with our travelogue.
Stella Maris Ursuline High School
Old Remedy for a New World
Our project is mainly about the issue of the overuse of plastics and how we try to replace plastic products with traditional tools. After doing the research in the night market, we realize that the number of tossed plastic products was extremely higher than we had expected. Besides, the way we deal with such numerous plastic garbage has been actually possible to harm our environment badly. Wondering if the old methods will do the trick, here’s how we act: 1. We bring our own tableware to have meals without the once-used plastic. 2. We make efforts to publicize our idea about different ways of having a meal with less plastic. 3. We want to know how difficult it will be to reduce the use as well as the waste of plastic in night markets, and we shall overcome this hardship.
Humanity Primary Junior High School
Solar Electric Bike
This project is because we learned, that cars course trouble and pollution to the environment, so we try to find new solutions. In big city traffic results in a metropolis serious burden, and for Taiwanese people (including infants) every three people have one car, everyone has a motorcycle , so the design of this bike is for daily traffic and wish to provide labor-saving and convenient transportation. After our research and testing, we found that the new technology can provide a good energy efficiency, in the future can gradually reduce the old motorcycle and car which is not environmentally friendly.
In Taiwan, scrap tires are produced 100,000 tons every year, but the current conculusions aren’t good to environmental. Piling up tires takes a lot of space, and ponding will breed lots of mosquitos easily. By incineration, the poison from the tires will release, and the poison has been recognized as air pollution. Buried tires don’t rot easily. The landfill will expose after a long time, and destroy lands. Besides, the air from the landfill will waft and make environmental pollution. So we want to use the tires well, not only the problems will be solved, but also reduce the manufacturing cost of the new product. Scrap tires are easy taken, cheap, small, and is favorable for construction. There have been some precedents of the tire building in foreign countries. And we want to confirm scrap tires can be reused in Taiwan, so we started from creating small buildings, planning to build a tire play facility in the school to prove our idea and provide a pleasure for elementary school students.
Project Report- R.E.S.
This project is based on the observed social phenomenon, that we hope to make our own shoes. Our idea is to make one pair of shoes we want, and then later re-think how to reduce pollution or to have environmental effect. The project is not only make change from us, but also wish to extend to our relatives and friends.
We find that the Taiwanese people spend a lot energy, money and manpower in the production, packaging, selling and buying shoes.
For example, a certain brand of shoes produced in Taiwan, then shipped to foreign country to stamp, and then shipped back from overseas traders for sale. In this process, it made a lot of unnecessary waste of fuel and carbon dioxide. And, again brought back from abroad, the shoes will become imported goods, while the price of shoes will raise.
We asked nearly 200 people of Taiwan by filling questionnaire and found that, 29.9 percent of people will buy 3-5 shoes a year. The average price is between 1500 to 2000NTD, major considerations are the appearance and comforterable, secondary is price.
School: Huey Deng High School
Rain Drop Catcher
Taiwan is a small island located in East Asia. The steep mountainous terrain we possess and the high population density make our water supply inadequate. However, reservoirs in Taiwan are apt to accumulate numerous sediments which lessen the
longevity of reservoirs. A rain catcher system is a way we came up with to solve the problem. If this system becomes common household equipment, we can decrease the use of tap water and be less reliant on reservoirs. For instance, when facing emergency circumstances, water provided by this system could be a substitution for tap water. We will promote this system at a city fair for edible garden workshop as well as on our campus during the school fair by designing games to attract the public and share our ideas. Our goal is to make the system more widely used in the future. Not only can the system help protect the environment, but the water can be used in emergency situations.
Stella Matutina Girls’ High School
Raise Rice, Raise Life
Our target is to develop a system that can both respond to the call for eco- friendliness and contribute to society. Therefore, we decide to cooperate with Qing-Liu Tribe and endeavor to promote the rice grown in the tribe. According to our experiment, we assume that coconut peat is suitable for improving soil quality. Thus, we hope to apply this kind of natural cultivating method to fields in Qing-Liu Tribe and succeed in increasing their production. Previously, we have taken out a patent on the rice and sell the rice to teachers and students in Stella Matutina Girls’ High School. We hope that the revenue gained is used to take care of the elderly and the youth in the tribe, and that the new method can help protect the environment at the same time, which will create a virtuous and sustainable cycle.
Building for a sustainable society-Sustainable construction for the future
Our societies are today standing in front of different tasks where the modern architecture needs to be sustainable and be in the forefront. And the development incuses all parts of society construction – from walls and roofs on our buildings to bridges all over the world. Which are the new challenges and what could be done in order to reach asustainable construction strategy?
Two thousands years ago, a new type of architecture took place in the old Italian societies and in the city of Rome. It was a new way of building which was used mostly to cross waterfronts. The new technology gave possibility for easy transportations over water. Today, the technology has been spread far away from Rome and the river of Tigris. The bridges connect land with land, islands with land and give possibility for easy transportation and connect the world in a new, faster way. And whole regions have become common.
The bridges are today standing in front of new tasks. What do the history of the bridges look like? And are there a possibility that bridges actually would play a significant role in the global sustainable development, where different tasks such as economical, ecological and even social aspects are daily discussed. One of the most important part of a building is the roof. In the history of mankind, people always have had a need to, both protect themselves from the weather but also, for a number of reasons, having a roof over their head. Earlier in history building roofs were fairly simple The choice of materials were often limited to the materials that were in the immediate surroundings, but today it’s much more complicated and more factors to consider.
It is important when choosing roofing materials, to take into account factors such as, type of building, roof structures, costs, material durability, environment and manufacturing process, in order to decide which roofing material that is best suited for a specific house. This was done by finding information on the internet about different materials, calculating and thereafter rating the materials which was most sustainable from an ecological and economical perspective.
People who today are facing a new building, reparation or renovation of a house has several different building materials to choose from. Today it is important to consider how these materials affect the world we live in, in order to ensure a sustainable future. I have chosen to examine some common or rethinking building, facade and insulation materials used in Sweden today. The materials compared are wood, concrete, brick, aluminium plate, glass wool, cellulose and hemp. In order to compile the material out of the elect as the best viable option I have chosen to examine them from an economic, social and ecological sustainability perspective. This was done by gathering information in the internet then the information was put into tables for comparison.
The Swedish delegation on CEI will this year present ideas about buildings and bridges and will also present innovative ideas and results from own investigations about how to build sustainably.
BOLU-SEBEN- ALPAGUT SUSTAINABLE LIFE PROJECT
SCHOOLS: NOTRE DAME DE SION HIGH SCHOOL, TED İSTANBUL COLLEGE FOUNDATION PRIVATEHIGH SCHOOL, EYÜBOĞLU PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL
Development and economic growth are aspects that are crucial for governments. However, in order to achieve those goals of growth, governments make choices that have undeniably negative impacts on the environment. This shift in the natural balance leads to consequences such as unemployment and poverty. Particularly, the villages are left underdeveloped. The young people living in villages are forced to immigrate to the cities where there are more opportunities. This forced immigration creates a loss of dynamism in the villages. These aforementioned problems are reflected in the village of Alpagut.
As an attempt to ameliorate the conditions in Alpagut, teachers and students of 8 high schools visited this village many times. We met the reeve of Alpagut village to discuss several solutions to the problems they face on a daily basis. As a solution, we build a permaculture garden and started practicing permaculture to help develop the village. We are aiming to promote sustainability in the village and thus reverse immigration.
SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AND CULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY IN THE VILLAGE OF ALPAGUT
SCHOOLS: MEF HIGH SCHOOL, MARMARA HIGH SCHOOL
Dating back to ancient times, the village of Alpağut used to be a busy population center. It is located midway between Ankara and Istanbul, the cities with high population densities in Turkey. It has important historical and touristic places.
Due to the poor management of natural resources of the village and the resulting migration, the population has decreased and the values enriching the region have been lost.
Within the framework of this issue, participants from 8 high schools in Istanbul decided to put the project in action on the Sustainable Culture, Sustainable Tourism and Sustainable Agricultural activities by creating the SSP of “Sustainable Life”.
We have made great progress in this project which has been ongoing for 4 years. The village has potential to be a great ecotourism destination and we would like to improve it. Each school visits the region at least twice a year. We promote this project at our school and via social media. Also, we have breathed new life into the economy of the region. Thus, we have constructed a “bridge of love” between Istanbul and Bolu.
We still continue our project by improving and expanding.
PERMACULTURE GARDENING PROJECTS IN HIGH SCHOOLS
SCHOOLS: SAINT MICHEL PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL, SAINT JOSEPH PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL
STUDENTS: AYŞE BİLGE NAYMAN, YAREN KINA, MELİS SEVERCAN, SERRA ÖZSOY
You may have heard the law “we must consider the impact of our decisions on the next seven generations.” In today’s world of decreasing natural resources, species extinction, and other widespread damage to the environment, we must look for ways to lessen our impact on the Earth. One way to do this is to use permacultural design approach. Permaculture is a design methodology that can be described as a way of living in harmony with the rest of nature by designing landscapes and human habitats based on principles of ecology.
In this Project, 9 different schools from İstanbul (TED İSTANBUL COLLEGE FOUNDATION PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL, NOTRE DAME DE SION HIGH SCHOOL, EYÜBOĞLU PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL, MEF PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL, MARMARA PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL, SAINT MICHEL PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL, SAINT JOSEPH PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL, KOÇ PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL, and ROBERT COLLEGE PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL) came together to build up permaculture gardens at their school campus.
We first observed our schools’ environmental conditions in terms of weather, soil, sunlight and human impact. After looking at the natural conditions and selecting plants that are suited to that environment, we found original seeds, produced compost, planted our vegetables. Applying the principles of permaculture such as; “ Work with nature, not against it”, “Get the most gain from the least effort”, “Seek energy efficiency and use natural materials”, “See problems as potential solutions” we learned how to decrease our ecological foodprint and act with harmony with the mother nature.
SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY GARDENS
SCHOOLS: ROBERT COLLEGE, SAINT JOSEPH PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL
The “Sustainable Community Gardens” project aims to bring people together to discover and apply different sustainable lifestyles to build a community that respects and protects nature. As the result of the diligent collaborative work of two municipalities and the students from two different high schools, the project started off with building two community gardens in the two sides of Istanbul. Located in parks that are in the heart of the city, these gardens implement permaculture principles to showcase a sustainable alternative to today’s monoculture based agriculture. From preparing composts from leftovers to utilizing the concept of “companion planting”, permaculture recycles, reuses and reduces the burden of the artificial on nature. In these community gardens, students that have experience in permaculture will work with citizens to instruct them about arboriculture, right planting and harvesting methods and most importantly how to think in the nature’s point of view. The vision of the project is to encourage citizens to improve their lifestyles so that they live in harmony with nature.
GOING GREEN AT SCHOOL
SCHOOL: TED İSTANBUL COLLEGE FOUNDATION PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL
The EcoTED is a group of students who are passionate about the environment and the world around us and agree that if the team starts to cut down the waste emissions and carbon footprint of the school, we can start to make a big difference. In particular, it focuses on recycling, litter, energy, water use, care of the environment around the school grounds and the pollution.
Regarding this, we started a school recycling program; talked to our school’s administrators about recycling paper, aluminum cans, plastic bottles, glass and even electronic equipment. We organized two campaigns emphasizing “the use of thermos bottles instead of plastic glasses” and the “Electronic waste collecting campaign”. We used social media efficiently to spread out our campaigns. We invited our parents to join our actions as well.
We organized peer training sessions to extend our actions to kindergarten, primary and middle schools.
We started composting to get rid of some of our school’s cafeteria garbage and then, we used the compost to fertilize our vegetable garden beds. Primary and secondary school students planted some seeds.
We are attracting more attention day by day, raising awareness, reducing our school’s foodprint on the environment and inspiring some more young people to take part in environmental actions.
SCHOOL: MARMARA PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL
We are two students at Marmara Private High School in Istanbul and have interest in waste management problem in Turkey. As there is big forest in the vicinity of our school and it should be protected for sustainable naturel life and the species lived there. Unfortunately, it is not easy to keep it clear. Based on this idea, we have searched about the city’s waste management system and the awareness of the residents of the city. It is seen that the problem is beyond the city; it is across the country. As a result of the conversation on waste reduction, recycling and substitution, we have decided that we should initiate a big campaign across the country. As we have learnt that the waste management is crucial for the sustainability. Especially the recycle of paper, glass, and some plastics saves the raw materials which are rare and helps reducing the environmental pollution. During our researches we have seen that that the recycle rates in Europe especially in Austria, Germany, the Netherlands and Switzerland are high.
It also includes individual reuse of items such as containers, bags and pots. And also we have learnt that Reduction (or “reduce”) means using less energy. For example as you produce a material out of recycled material, the less energy is required.
We are glad about our initiation and we are at the beginning of action but grow up fast, because people support us. We believe that we can change something and reduce the environmental pollution and save our planet.
DON’T USE PLASTIC, DON’T MAKE THIS WORLD TRAGIC
Taking into account the amount of plastic bags a person with average shopping habits consumes, we can clearly see that we put millions, and even billions of these into the sea and the earth as waste. Our project, which started with the slogan "What Did You Do For The Environment Today?", aims to decrease the harmful effects of these plastic bags through the promotion of the fabric totes we designed as an alternative to plastic. First of all, we have distributed these totes to people around us considering the harm that results from the use of plastic bags. We are fully aware of ongoing similar studies therefore we encouraged people signing agreements to promise using these bags and protecting the environment. In order to draw attention to the issue we designed “Environment boards” at the schools by using wasted nylon bags. Since we assume high coverage of social media we publish our studies at http://yrehisar.wix.com/hisarschools. In addition to these we also get support from some magazines from Gokturk and Turkey for ensuring our studies being spread both at national and multinational field.
Problem:Many learners in Umlazi are forced to come to school hungry because of the high employment rate,child headed homes due to the scourge of HIV/Aids,dysfunctional families etc During the mid 1990s the govt introduced the National School Nutrition Programme(NSNP) to help impoverished learners with at least one meal a day.While100% of the primary school learners benefit from the NSNP,majority secondary learners do NOT benefit from NSNP.
Thanks to private sector and other generous donors who help secondary schools establish soup kitchens to enable the learners at secondary school start a day with something in their stomachs. James Gillepsie school from Edinburgh,Scotland is one such donor which assists at least two secondary schools with meals.
What are our communities doing for themselves to fend off this crisis?
Our project seeks to encourage the use of ALL available spaces in the urban Umlazi township to establish gardens(Urban Micro-Farming) Advocacy campaigns working with schools,running workshops,liasing with the Dept of Education as well as teacher unions etc it is hoped:
- Every school should have a learners-initiated vegetable garden
- Communities and unemployed youths to alleviate poverty by cultivating vegies and selling to the NSNP operators
At the Conference the delegation will table the progress made in this regard and present model vegetable gardens that have been initiated.The challenge we foresee has to do with the negative attitude of the urban people towards the soil,but we are confident that if this is corrected among primary school learners,in the long run we shall reap the fruits of this FOODOLUTION.
In this way we hope that we shall have started a Foodolution wherebyeveryone will do something to ensure that their right to food is realized.
Was the Viking lifestyle sustainable?
Newtown School, Waterford, Ireland
Waterford was a city by 914. There were 2 waves of Viking invasions, first from Norway and then from Denmark. It is this link that gave us the idea to look at their lifestyle as the conference is in Aalborg.
The students visited Reginald’s tower in Waterford and the Viking museums in Dublin. They took part in a week of Viking activity in school to find out how Vikings lived, how they dressed, what they ate and how they fought.
The project is split into 5 sections: Transport and trade (why did Vikings leave Denmark?); buildings (What were they made of? Ecovillages of yesterday?); food and agriculture (How they lived off the land. Was it permaculture?); clothing and lifestyle (Where did they get their raw materials?); warfare and weapons (what did they make their weapons out of? Did they wear horns on their head?)
CEI USA, Oregon Chapter
Nicole Barbuch and Ryan Thompson
Our project goal is to start the transition, in a few locations, from a traditional community garden to a more ecological community garden using permaculture principles. We have two main locations that we are transitioning, and we are employing different methods at each place. At one place, we are transitioning to more diverse plant communities that will help promote soil health and pollinator populations. At the other location, we started the transition to shape the soil to slow and absorb water. We also created mounds using Hugelkultur methods and sheet mulch on the surface to protect the soil. Through these projects, we hope to increase awareness of ecological gardening practices, which help support and regenerate healthy ecosystems rather than destroying them, and influence more people to adopt these methods.
The Buzz About Bees
CEI USA Oregon Chapter
Andrew Bond and Benjamin Bond
About bees, specifically in an urban environment and how homeowners can avoid being less impactful to bees.
- For this project, we decided to focus on mason bees. Mason bees are a very versatile type of bee, and can do the pollinating of over 100 honey bees. They have a very short range though, at about 300 feet. Unlike other types of bees, mason bees are solitary. They form nests in holes found in wood. Eggs are laid with the females towards the back, and the males towards the front, with the nest being sealed off with mud.
- In order to find out more, we have consulted with many places, including an Oregon State University research center, where research was being conducted on the effects of neonicotinoids on bees, particularly how the neonicotinoids can get into the pollen and nectar, which the bees will bring back to the hive. This can contaminate the entire hive.
- In order to foster an environment in which these bees can flourish, we have planted beneficial plants and herbs, including many colorful plants, which attract bees. We also build boxes in which mason bees can build their nests, and lay eggs. This allows for greater control over them, and allows us to protect them from pests such as mites, which can kill many of them, if given the chance.
Escola Secundaria José Gomez Ferria
In recent years there has been a growing concern with the changes of marine biodiversity, not only by the importance of marine resources in the economy of coastal countries, but also in changes in the balance of the trophic chain, in these ecosystems.
The west coast of Portugal is particularly vulnerable to climate change effects.
Located in a transition zone between the temperate and subtropical waters, it is very important to study the effects of global warming or the variety or the density of the populations of certain fish species.
Moreover, these habitats because they are areas easily accessible, they are widely used for various activities, including fishing and leisure, causing impacts that need to be evaluated.
The rocky coastline is a great diversity of location and abundance of marine organisms. The intertidal zone of rocky platform that is exposed during low tide is particularly important for the breeding and feeding of species of resident fish and also for non-resident species that use during the breeding season.
The goal of our project is, then study and understand the dynamics of fish populations in this place, considering the variable of climate change, in order to determine their influence on the life that exists in these ecosystems.
Escola Secundária Dr. Ginestal Machado (Santarém); Colégio de Santa Maria (Lisboa)
From Tagus River to the Atlantic Ocean – Fish resources and sustainability
Tagus River that connects our 2 schools (of Santarém and Lisbon) empties into the Atlantic Ocean near Lisbon. As Natural Portuguese Heritage they must be preserved and cared for its biodiversity and beauty. They are key factors in the national tourism development. Over time, the ocean and river have also been a source of revenue and food for the local and national population. Portugal is currently the EU country with the highest annual per capita consumption of fish. Therefore our country also has a major responsibility in the exploitation of marine resources. Sardine is one of the fish species most commonly caught in the Portuguese sea. Year after year, the sardines are under the threat of extinction. This requires that the population and especially young people like us are active in the role of prevention, through small acts and ideas that can revolutionize the world and keep fishing sustainable.
Agrupamento Escolas da Murtosa; Escola Secundária de Viriato
How to stop the loss of biodiversity in the wetlands?
The wetlands are used as habitats for many animals and plants, like arthropods and fishes, shelter to aquatic and migratory birds, place of aquaculture and intersection spots of contaminants and nutrients from farm fields and surrounding industries. Our study area includes Pavia river (Viseu), “Ria de Aveiro” and Torreira Sea (Atlantic). Pavia River has been suffering, over this decade, interventions in order to improve the water quality and increase biodiversity. Before there were fish biodiversity, but nowadays it´s only a river without that diversity. “Ria de Aveiro” is an estuary situated in the transition zone between land and sea. As every lagoon, “Ria de Aveiro” presents big productivity and diversity of species. In this work, we identified some problems which can contribute to the loss biodiversity in the wetlands. After this we try to present different solutions for individual and group actions that can be done to stop this loss.
Waste of Today is Treasure of Tomorrow
“The waste generated by our modern lifestyle is often simply discarded and ends up either in landfill or is incinerated, which creates its own problems. What can be done to change this? How could we take a more sustainable approach to dealing with our waste that will not only reduce the amount that goes to landfill, but also provides jobs and opportunities for innovation? Our group set out to find out more.”
INSTITUTO ESCUELA DEL SUR MÉXICO
NEMI: A life transforming experience
Talking about sustainability, stress is usually placed on the footprint that sustainable development projects have on both the ecosystem and its biodiversity, as increasing concern regarding the impact on the planet that current production and distribution practices show. This tendency goes together with the hindrance of quality of life or what living with dignity conveys for the majority of people worldwide. Thus, we wanted to take a closer look to the actual footprint and impact that a sustainable production project has over the lives of those who work in it. This is Nemi, a trout farm, and a glance and how it has transformed the life of the Gonzalez family.
Sustainability in Mexico: small projects that begin to grow
Sustainability projects in Mexico take a long time to become a reality, mainly due to lack of government support, since this might seem conditioned to serving or bringing benefit to other interests than people in real need of support and subsidy; besides, there is no formal regulation over the environmental impact of any given project in Mexico. However, in our search, we found a group of entrepreneurs who run family businesses and who are genuinely interested in overtaking sustainable processes of production that take into consideration the wellbeing of their workers and the cultural development of their region. We visited a trout farm, a sawdust mill and a cacti or nopal-gas generating plant in Zitacuaro, Michoacan, Mexico. We realized that there is no small effort when working for a future that promotes sustainability.